Automotive Repair














How to change a head gasket | Mobil™
















Close up of a man’s gloved hand holding a wrench

6 steps to changing a head gasket


By Mike Bumbeck, automedia.com


Difficulty: Difficult

Estimated time: 300 minutes

Understanding why a relatively inexpensive head gasket costs so much to
replace means first realizing what it sits between. In the engine block are
pistons that travel up and down in cylinder bores. The pistons are
connected to rods, which in turn are connected to a spinning crankshaft
from which the vehicle takes its power. Bolted to the top of the engine is
the cylinder head. Inside the cylinder head are valves that open and close
to let air and fuel into the cylinders and expel the spent exhaust gas.

The head gasket is compressed between the engine block and the cylinder
head. The head gasket seals in the internal combustion process and also
keeps coolant and oil from mixing together as the two fluids travel from
the engine block to the cylinder head. Head gaskets themselves are not very
expensive. What ends up costing big money is getting to it. Head gasket
repairs mean undertaking the major operation of removing an engine's head.

Boiling over

A head gasket can fail for a number of reasons, none of them good. Engine
overheating is the most popular culprit. The metal of the engine block and
head expands beyond limits during overheating. This expansion can pinch the
head gasket to the point where it will fail. The next major causes of head
gasket failure are engine pre-ignition or detonation. The crux of these two
conditions is out-of-time combustion occurring in the cylinders. Internal
combustion is supposed to occur with both valves closed and with the piston
at the top of its power stroke. Out-of-time combustion puts extra strain on
the valves, pistons and head gasket. Ironically, engine overheating can
also increase the likelihood of pre-ignition and detonation. The sound of
an engine pinging or knocking is the insidious sound of damage.

Replacing a head gasket

Head gasket replacement is not a job for the average do-it-yourselfer.
While a head gasket expiring due to old age is rare, it usually means
everything else is worn out to the point of replacement as well. Cracking
the head off the engine and peering inside may reveal that everything else
got fully cooked, too. The best way to prevent head gasket failure is to
keep the cooling system in top working order and make sure the engine is in
tune and running correctly. The failure of a $5 thermostat or $3 coolant
hose can cause thousands of dollars in engine damage in a hurry.

How-to tips

The following are a few general tips to changing a head gasket. For
vehicle-specific head gasket replacement procedures, always consult a
service manual.

Mark parts that need to be removed to reach the head gasket

Step 1:
Getting down to the head gasket can be an involved process. Always mark and
index everything before removal. In this case, it was easier to remove the
exhaust manifold, head and intake as a unit. A service manual is the first
and most important tool in the toolbox.

Checking the head and block for flatness

Step 2:
Check the head and block for flatness. A machined straight edge across the
surface and feeler gauge will reveal all. The service manual will provide
specifications. Blocks or heads out of specification must be sent out to
the machine shop and be repaired. The machine shop will also be able to
check for cracks.

Preparing the head gasket surface

Step 3:
Prepare the surface. Never use anything that will remove metal. Be careful
not to scratch the deck of the block or mounting surface of the head. While
it may seem like a good idea to use a scrubber pad connected to a power
tool, the surface irregularities created can cause sealing problems down
the road.

Chase head bolt or stud holes with a tap or thread chaser to remove crud

Step 4:
Chase the head bolt or stud holes with a tap or thread chaser to remove any
crud and prepare the threads. Use compressed air to blow out any
stragglers. Correct head bolt torque is of the utmost importance. Any
interference can throw off the torque readings.

Prefit the head gasket in the correct orientation

Step 5:
Prefit the head gasket in the correct orientation. Never use sealant unless
specifically required by the manufacturer. Head gaskets that require
sealant will usually come so equipped. The service manual will outline
sealant locations and requirements.

Try gently cinching down the valve cover bolts or use a torque wrench

Step 6:
Correct bolt tightening sequence and torque is key to proper head gasket
sealing. Use new bolts if required. Coat head bolt threads with some engine
oil before installing. Always follow tightening sequence and torque
instructions to the last detail.

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Transportation Series Limousine Stress Reliever

Item #PT2189
Stress Reliever, Transportation Series, Limousine, Limo, Tension Reliever, Relieve Stress, Squeeze, Squeezable, Relieve Tension. 4″ W x 1 1/2″ H x 1 1/8″ D

Category: Squeeze Toys
Colors: White
Themes: Automotive, Exercise, Health, Medical
Imprint: 1 1/2″ w x 3/4″ h on 1 1/2″x3/4″. Price includes 1 color, 1 location
Options: 1-2 Day Delivery time: Up to 1000 pieces (+$67.00), 1000 to 2500 pieces (+$100.00) (RRRRR) Add’l options: Add’l location Plate setup (+$50.00), Add’l location Plate run (+$0.17), Cancellation (+$133.00), PMS color match (+$25.00), Preproduction sample (+$59.00), Decal setup (+$100.00) (RRRRR)
Packaging: Bulk
Production Time: 3 to 5 working days

Transportation Series Limousine Stress Reliever
Quantity: 100 250 500 1,000 2,500
Your Price (each): $1.95 $1.91 $1.86 $1.80 $1.71
RRRRR
Repeat Setup: $17.00; Plate: $50.00; Additional Color Setup: $50.00; Additional Color Running Charge: 100-$0.17, 250-$0.17, 500-$0.17, 1,000-$0.17, 2,500-$0.17. Additional charges may apply.
Key Tag – Limo 4 – Spot Color

Item #7999-C3
Stock shape Sof-Touch Original key tags feature great graphics, high gloss finish and guaranteed permanent imprint. Flexible, Made in U.S.A. product provides a uniquely shaped branding platform. If stock graphics are shown, they’re automatically included as part of the side one, first color print. If graphic shown holds text or logo additions in open space or by knocking out a “window” of graphic, then a one side imprint may be sufficient. Charges will apply for second side imprinting. Complies with CPSIA.

Category: Key Chains / Rings
Colors: Opaque White, Opaque Black, Opaque Yellow, Opaque Cream Beige, Opaque Green, Opaque Red, Opaque Teal Green, Opaque Blue, Opaque Purple, Opaque Soft Pink, Translucent Neon Pink, Translucent Neon Orange, Translucent Neon Green, Translucent Green, Translucent Red, Translucent Blue
Themes: Automotive, Household, Transportation
Imprint: 1 color, 1 side
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Additional Info: Made in USA
Packaging: Bulk
Production Time: Approx. 7 working days
4″ x 6″ U.S. Antenna Flags Without Fringe

Item #UAF-200
These antenna flags are made from 100% cotton. They are hemmed on all four sides while being secured to a clear plastic clip for easy mounting to your antenna. Intended for stationary or parade use. Not intended for speeds in excess of 15 mph U.S. Antenna flags are sold as is and are nonrefundable. 6″ W x 4″ H

Category: Flags, Antenna Toppers
Colors: Red/Blue/White
Themes: American, Automotive, Celebration, Decoration, July 4th, Patriotic
Imprint: Decoration not included in price.
Packaging: Bulk
Production Time: 3 to 5 working days

4
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Your Price (each): $2.35 $2.25

Limo Specialty Cookie Keeper – White

Item #VLM2
White all ceramic Limo. 12.75″ x 5″ x 5.35″. Complies with CPSIA, FDA, Prop 65. 12.75″ L x 5″ W x 5.35″ H

Category: Jars
Colors: White
Themes: Automotive, Kitchen
Imprint: 2″ w x 4″ h on 2″x4″ sides, 5″x4″ top. Price includes 1 color, 1 location
Packaging: Master case; Units/Ctn: 8; Weight/Ctn: 27 lbs.
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Limo Specialty Cookie Keeper – White
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Item #VLM1
Black all ceramic Limo cookie keeper. 12.75″ x 5″ x 5.35″. Complies with CPSIA, FDA, Prop 65. 12.75″ L x 5″ W x 5.35″ H

Category: Jars
Colors: Black/Gray Accent
Themes: Automotive, Kitchen
Imprint: 2″ w x 4″ h on 2″x4″ sides, 5″x4″ top. Price includes 1 color, 1 location
Packaging: Master case; Units/Ctn: 8; Weight/Ctn: 27 lbs.
Production Time: 5 to 20 working days

Limo Specialty Cookie Keeper
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Beads w/ Limo Medallion

Item #57227
Beads w/ Limo Medallion. 38″ L

Category: Necklaces
Colors: Gold/Black
Themes: Decoration, Party
Imprint: Decoration not included in price.
Packaging: 1/card, pack 12 cards; Units/Ctn: 12
Production Time: 5 to 10 working days

Beads w/ Limo Medallion
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Quantity: 12 192 276 372
Your Price (each): $5.50 $5.225 $4.675 $4.125
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Window Tint Adhesive Film – Limo Black

Item #KO-CA034
Protect your privacy and keep your car cool in Summer and warm in Winter with this Window Tint Adhesive Film – Limo Black. Can be used in the home and office, for shop windows and of course in your car. Shuts out bright sunlight to make driving much more comfortable. Also protects upholstery from fading. 8″ H x 20′ L

Category: Shades
Colors: Limo Black
Themes: Automotive, Sun, Summer, Winter
Packaging: Hanging panel
Production Time: Approx. 10 working days

Window Tint Adhesive Film – Limo Black
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Bottle Limo (Wine Tote)

Item #P7452 7352
Made of 600D polyester with tech dot trim, this clever case provides effortless travel with multiple bottles. This unique, wheeled case features 12 separate sections, 6 permanent and 6 detachable, allowing it to securely hold bottles in place. The 6 detachable sections are adjustable and designed to accommodate bottles of various sizes or can be used as a regular cooler. Completely foam padded around the case and sections, other features include a front organizer to hold accessories. 10″ L x 14 1/2″ W x 14″ H

Category: Bags
Colors: Black
Themes: Drinking, Sport, Travel
Imprint: 6″ w x 6″ h. Second imprint option: 5 1/2″ w x 5 1/2″ h. Screen printed, embroidery. Price includes 1 color, 1 side, 1 location
Options: Additional Imprint Charge: Flat Item (24:+$1.50, 25:+$0.85, 73:+$0.75, 241:+$0.65), Metallic Gold or Silver (+$20.00) (VVVV) Additional Embroidery Charge: Bulky Embroidery (24:+$4.40, 25:+$4.25, 73:+$4.00, 241:+$3.80), Additional 1k stitches (+$0.25), Metallic Gold or Silver (+$0.15), Digitized tape of 5k (+$80.00), Additional 1k over 5k (+$18.75) (VVVV)
Packaging: Bulk; Units/Ctn: 4; Weight/Ctn: 51 lbs.; Dimensions: 23″ x 16″ x 23″
Production Time: 3 to 5 working days or 2 to 3 working days for rush service

Bottle Limo (Wine Tote)
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The Valet Umbrella

Item #8080I
Largest umbrella on the market. enough coverage for four people. 80″ arc vented nylon umbrella with fiberglass shaft and ribs. Has a black fluted handle and comes with matching sleeve.

Category: Umbrellas
Colors: Black
Themes: Funeral, Hotel, Outdoor
Imprint: 15 x 8. Screen printed. Price includes 1 color, 1 location
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The Valet Umbrella
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AL Alloy Lime Squeezer

Item #AMLS11
Juicing has never been more efficient! This AL alloy lime squeezer is perfect for use with lemons. It’s easy to use and the result is always pure juice without any seeds or pulp. 7 7/8″ L x 2 3/8″ W

Category: Kits-Tool
Colors: Blue, Rose Red, Green
Themes: Kitchen, Restaurant
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AL Alloy Lime Squeezer
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Setup: $50.00. Additional charges may apply.
Limo Standard Pad Value Stick Calendar

Item #617
BELOW EQP SALE AND NO SET-UP CHARGES on popular Value Stick Calendars! Self-Stick vinyl calendars are lightweight and usually mail with no additional postage! Packed in FREE counter display boxes, self-adhesive Value Stick Calendars are available in 24 stock shapes and in 10 vinyl colors or create your own custom shape with a small die charge. Choose from a standard, or Spanish 13 month 3″ x 2 1/4″ datepad. Also available with larger 3 Month Pad at an additional charge. 3″ W x 4 3/8″ H

Category: Calendars
Colors: Maroon Red, Gray, Dark Blue, Beige, Mustard Yellow, Blue, Red, Green, White, Black
Themes: Business, Office, Transportation
Imprint: 3″ w x 1 1/4″ h on top front. Hot/foil stamped. Price includes 1 color, 1 location
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Packaging: Bulk, packed in counter top display; Units/Ctn: 100; Weight/Ctn: 4 lbs.
Production Time: Approx. 10 working days

Limo Standard Pad Value Stick Calendar
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